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Demographic, Economic, and Geographic Factors Associated with Uptake of the Earned Income Tax Credit

The US federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is an economic support program for low- and moderate-income workers. About 80% of individuals eligible for the EITC participate in the program. However, improving awareness and full uptake of the EITC program has proven a challenge, and few studies have examined factors associated with EITC participation. The purpose of this study was to use county level data to model the association of demographic, geographic, and economic factors with EITC participation rates in North Carolina from 2010 to 2017.


Alexandria Coffey, Anita Brown-Graham, Danny Ellis, Gerard Chung, Katherine Bryant, Paul Lanier, Sarah Verbiest, Whitney Afonso

Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), Participation, Race, Rural